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Can institutional reforms promote sustainable planning ? Integrating regional transportations & land use in Toronto & Chicago (2001-2014)

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Tremblay-Racicot, Fanny (2015). Can institutional reforms promote sustainable planning ? Integrating regional transportations & land use in Toronto & Chicago (2001-2014). Thèse. École nationale d'administration publique, 512 p.

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Résumé

Although governments have implemented several reforms to better integrate or coordinate regional transportation and land use decisions, little is known about the effects of new institutional designs on planning and development outcomes. This study compares the effects of two different types of institutional reforms on the planning process, transportation investments and land use decisions, while assessing their characteristics in terms of accountability, democracy, and effectiveness. Using semi-structured interviews, planning documents, as well as transportation spending and land use decisions, this longitudinal, comparative case study assesses the effects of the centralized, regulatory framework implemented in Toronto in 2005-2006, to the collaborative governance framework adopted in Chicago in 2005. Although each institutional design features different sets of constraints and opportunities, both reforms improved the planning process by establishing a renewed commitment to the exercise of regional planning. However, their impact on transportation investments was limited because the allocation of transportation funds is still primarily controlled by the province and the state governments who continue to control the purse strings and allocate money to advance their own political agendas. Both cases also show how difficult it is to increase densities and curb urban sprawl because local land uses, zoning and development approvals remain the prerogative of local governments and a function of locational preferences of individuals and corporations, which are contingent upon the market and shaped by global economic forces. Besides stronger regional institutions, the evidence presented in this study calls for new political strategies that address the fiscalization of land use and that offer financial incentives for the adoption of smart growth policies.

Type de document: Thèse (Thèse)
Informations complémentaires: Par Fanny Tremblay-Racicot ; sous la direction de Christina D. Rosan. Comprend des références bibliographiques. Publié aussi en version imprimée. Titre de l'écran-titre(visionné le 18 septembre 2018).
Mots-clés libres: Comparative Study; Governance; Regional Planning; Smart Growth; Sustainable Transportation; Urban & Regional Policy; Étude comparative; Gouvernance; Planification régionale; Transport durable; Politique régionale et urbaine
Déposé par: Yves Brillon
Date de dépôt: 19 sept. 2018 11:23
Dernière modification: 19 sept. 2018 11:23
URI: http://espace.enap.ca/id/eprint/166

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