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Similarities and differences in the institutional framework of Brazil and Canada: governments as facilitators of private organizations in the aerospace industry

Nascimento, Axell (2012). Similarities and differences in the institutional framework of Brazil and Canada: governments as facilitators of private organizations in the aerospace industry. Mémoire. École nationale d'administration publique, 222 p.

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Résumé

This comparative study is focused on the relationships between the institutional environment and the development of the aerospace industry in Brazil and Canada. Based on the theories ofDouglass North and a madel designed by Jone Pearce (2001), we identified the governments of both countries as hostile or supportive as a consequence of their erratic or predictable actions towards the private sector. We also took into consideration the ability of each country to enforce their legal frameworks, a characteristic that will make a government weak or strong. In arder to compare two countries as distinct as Brazil and Canada, we selected six different aspects of the institutional framework of both countries that are essential to the development of high-technology sectors, such as aerospace: intellectual property rights; research & development; government procurement; investments in infrastructure and higher education; financing of extemal sales; and industry regulation (together with other aspects of the legal framework). Once we decided which aspects of the institutional environment were more important to the development of the aerospace industry in Brazil and Canada, we compared how those aspects impacted in the development of Embraer and Bombardier, the powerhouses of the industry in each country and two leading forces in the global aerospace market.

Based on structured interviews with representatives of the Brazilian and Canadian governments, industry associations, private corporations, and scholars, we compared the government programs and actions that have the highest impact in the development of the aerospace sector and we point out which initiatives could serve as a madel in the further economie development of Brazil and Canada.

Type de document: Thèse (Mémoire)
Informations complémentaires: Par Axell Nascimento; [sous la direction du professeur César Garzon]. Publiée aussi en version imprimée. Comprend des références bibliographiques. Titre de la page de titre de la ressource électronique (visionné le 27 janvier 2016).
Mots-clés libres: Institutional framework; Aerospace industry; Brazil; Canada, Industrial policies; Cadre institutionnel; Brésil; industrie aérospatiale; politiques industrielles
Déposé par: Yves Brillon
Date de dépôt: 09 mars 2016 14:54
Dernière modification: 09 mars 2016 14:54
URI: http://espace.enap.ca/id/eprint/126

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